ML Community Day is November 9! Join us for updates from TensorFlow, JAX, and more Learn more


Normalize and scale inputs or activations synchronously across replicas.

Inherits From: Layer, Module

Applies batch normalization to activations of the previous layer at each batch by synchronizing the global batch statistics across all devices that are training the model. For specific details about batch normalization please refer to the tf.keras.layers.BatchNormalization layer docs.

If this layer is used when using tf.distribute strategy to train models across devices/workers, there will be an allreduce call to aggregate batch statistics across all replicas at every training step. Without tf.distribute strategy, this layer behaves as a regular tf.keras.layers.BatchNormalization layer.

Example usage:

strategy = tf.distribute.MirroredStrategy()

with strategy.scope():
  model = tf.keras.Sequential()

axis Integer, the axis that should be normalized (typically the features axis). For instance, after a Conv2D layer with data_format="channels_first", set axis=1 in BatchNormalization.
momentum Momentum for the moving average.
epsilon Small float added to variance to avoid dividing by zero.
center If True, add offset of beta to normalized tensor. If False, beta is ignored.
scale If True, multiply by gamma. If False, gamma is not used. When the next layer is linear (also e.g. nn.relu), this can be disabled since the scaling will be done by the next layer.
beta_initializer Initializer for the beta weight.
gamma_initializer Initializer for the gamma weight.
moving_mean_initializer Initializer for the moving mean.
moving_variance_initializer Initializer for the moving variance.
beta_regularizer Optional regularizer for the beta weight.
gamma_regularizer Optional regularizer for the gamma weight.
beta_constraint Optional constraint for the beta weight.
gamma_constraint Optional constraint for the gamma weight.

Call arguments:

  • inputs: Input tensor (of any rank).
  • training: Python boolean indicating whether the layer should behave in training mode or in inference mode.
    • training=True: The layer will normalize its inputs using the mean and variance of the current batch of inputs.
    • training=False: The layer will normalize its inputs using the mean and variance of its moving statistics, learned during training.

Input shape:

Arbitrary. Use the keyword argument input_shape (tuple of integers, does not include the samples axis) when using this layer as the first layer in a model.

Output shape:

Same shape as input.