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Applies inverse time decay to the initial learning rate.
tf.train.inverse_time_decay( learning_rate, global_step, decay_steps, decay_rate, staircase=False, name=None )
When training a model, it is often recommended to lower the learning rate as
the training progresses. This function applies an inverse decay function
to a provided initial learning rate. It requires an
global_step value to
compute the decayed learning rate. You can just pass a TensorFlow variable
that you increment at each training step.
The function returns the decayed learning rate. It is computed as:
decayed_learning_rate = learning_rate / (1 + decay_rate * global_step / decay_step)
decayed_learning_rate = learning_rate / (1 + decay_rate * floor(global_step / decay_step))
Example: decay 1/t with a rate of 0.5:
... global_step = tf.Variable(0, trainable=False) learning_rate = 0.1 decay_steps = 1.0 decay_rate = 0.5 learning_rate = tf.compat.v1.train.inverse_time_decay(learning_rate, global_step, decay_steps, decay_rate) # Passing global_step to minimize() will increment it at each step. learning_step = ( tf.compat.v1.train.GradientDescentOptimizer(learning_rate) .minimize(...my loss..., global_step=global_step) )
learning_rate: A scalar
Tensoror a Python number. The initial learning rate.
global_step: A Python number. Global step to use for the decay computation. Must not be negative.
decay_steps: How often to apply decay.
decay_rate: A Python number. The decay rate.
staircase: Whether to apply decay in a discrete staircase, as opposed to continuous, fashion.
name: String. Optional name of the operation. Defaults to 'InverseTimeDecay'.
Tensor of the same type as
learning_rate. The decayed
global_stepis not supplied.
When eager execution is enabled, this function returns a function which in turn returns the decayed learning rate Tensor. This can be useful for changing the learning rate value across different invocations of optimizer functions.