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tflite::Interpreter

#include <interpreter.h>

An interpreter for a graph of nodes that input and output from tensors.

Summary

Each node of the graph processes a set of input tensors and produces a set of output Tensors. All inputs/output tensors are referenced by index.

Usage:


// Create model from file. Note that the model instance must outlive the
// interpreter instance.
auto model = tflite::FlatBufferModel::BuildFromFile(...);
if (model == nullptr) {
  // Return error.
}
// Create an Interpreter with an InterpreterBuilder.
std::unique_ptr interpreter;
tflite::ops::builtin::BuiltinOpResolver resolver;
if (InterpreterBuilder(*model, resolver)(&interpreter) != kTfLiteOk) {
  // Return failure.
}
if (interpreter->AllocateTensors() != kTfLiteOk) {
  // Return failure.
}

auto input = interpreter->typed_tensor(0);
for (int i = 0; i < input_size; i++) {
  input[i] = ...;  interpreter.Invoke();

Note: For nearly all practical use cases, one should not directly construct an Interpreter object, but rather use the InterpreterBuilder.

WARNING: This class is not thread-safe. The client is responsible for ensuring serialized interaction to avoid data races and undefined behavior.

Constructors and Destructors

Interpreter(ErrorReporter *error_reporter)
Interpreter(const Interpreter &)
~Interpreter()

Public types

TfLiteDelegatePtr using
std::unique_ptr< TfLiteDelegate, void(*)(TfLiteDelegate *)>

Public static attributes

kTensorsCapacityHeadroom = 16
constexpr int
The capacity headroom of tensors_ vector before calling ops' prepare and invoke function.
kTensorsReservedCapacity = 128
constexpr int

Friend classes

tflite::InterpreterTest
friend class
tflite::delegates::InterpreterUtils
friend class
tflite::delegates::test_utils::TestDelegation
friend class

Public functions

AllocateTensors()
TfLiteStatus
EnsureTensorDataIsReadable(int tensor_index)
TfLiteStatus
Ensure the data in tensor.data is readable.
GetAllowFp16PrecisionForFp32() const
bool
Get the half precision flag.
GetBufferHandle(int tensor_index, TfLiteBufferHandle *buffer_handle, TfLiteDelegate **delegate)
TfLiteStatus
Get the delegate buffer handle, and the delegate which can process the buffer handle.
GetInputName(int index) const
const char *
Return the name of a given input.
GetOutputName(int index) const
const char *
Return the name of a given output.
GetProfiler()
Profiler *
Gets the profiler used for op tracing.
Invoke()
TfLiteStatus
Invoke the interpreter (run the whole graph in dependency order).
ModifyGraphWithDelegate(TfLiteDelegate *delegate)
TfLiteStatus
Allow a delegate to look at the graph and modify the graph to handle parts of the graph themselves.
ModifyGraphWithDelegate(std::unique_ptr< Delegate, Deleter > delegate)
TfLiteStatus
Same as ModifyGraphWithDelegate except this interpreter takes ownership of the provided delegate.
ModifyGraphWithDelegate(std::unique_ptr< TfLiteDelegate > delegate)=delete
TfLiteStatus
This overload is never OK.
OpProfilingString(const TfLiteRegistration & op_reg, const TfLiteNode *node) const
const char *
Retrieve an operator's description of its work, for profiling purposes.
ReleaseNonPersistentMemory()
TfLiteStatus
WARNING: Experimental interface, subject to change.
ResetVariableTensors()
TfLiteStatus
Reset all variable tensors to the default value.
ResizeInputTensor(int tensor_index, const std::vector< int > & dims)
TfLiteStatus
Change the dimensionality of a given tensor.
ResizeInputTensorStrict(int tensor_index, const std::vector< int > & dims)
TfLiteStatus
A call to AllocateTensors() is required to change the tensor input buffer.
SetAllowBufferHandleOutput(bool allow_buffer_handle_output)
void
Set if buffer handle output is allowed.
SetAllowFp16PrecisionForFp32(bool allow)
void
Allow float16 precision for FP32 calculation when possible.
SetBufferHandle(int tensor_index, TfLiteBufferHandle buffer_handle, TfLiteDelegate *delegate)
TfLiteStatus
Set the delegate buffer handle to a tensor.
SetCancellationFunction(void *data, bool(*)(void *) check_cancelled_func)
void
Sets the cancellation function pointer in order to cancel a request in the middle of a call to Invoke().
SetCustomAllocationForTensor(int tensor_index, const TfLiteCustomAllocation & allocation, int64_t flags)
TfLiteStatus
SetExternalContext(TfLiteExternalContextType type, TfLiteExternalContext *ctx)
void
SetNumThreads(int num_threads)
TfLiteStatus
Set the number of threads available to the interpreter.
SetProfiler(Profiler *profiler)
void
Sets the profiler to tracing execution.
SetProfiler(std::unique_ptr< Profiler > profiler)
void
Same as SetProfiler except this interpreter takes ownership of the provided profiler.
execution_plan() const
const std::vector< int > &
WARNING: Experimental interface, subject to change.
input_tensor(size_t index)
TfLiteTensor *
Return a mutable pointer to the given input tensor.
input_tensor(size_t index) const
const TfLiteTensor *
Return an immutable pointer to the given input tensor.
input_tensor_by_signature_name(const char *signature_input_name, const char *signature_method_name)
TfLiteTensor *
WARNING: Experimental interface, subject to change Returns the input tensor identified by 'signature_input_name' in the signature identified by 'signature_method_name'.
inputs() const
const std::vector< int > &
Read only access to list of inputs.
node_and_registration(int node_index) const
const std::pair< TfLiteNode, TfLiteRegistration > *
Get a pointer to an operation and registration data structure if in bounds.
nodes_size() const
size_t
Return the number of ops in the model.
operator=(const Interpreter &)=delete
output_tensor(size_t index)
TfLiteTensor *
Return a mutable pointer to the given output tensor.
output_tensor(size_t index) const
const TfLiteTensor *
Return an immutable pointer to the given output tensor.
output_tensor_by_signature_name(const char *signature_output_name, const char *signature_method_name) const
const TfLiteTensor *
WARNING: Experimental interface, subject to change Returns the output tensor identified by 'signature_output_name' in the signature identified by 'signature_method_name'.
outputs() const
const std::vector< int > &
Read only access to list of outputs.
signature_def_names() const
std::vector< const std::string * >
WARNING: Experimental interface, subject to change Returns list of all names of different method signatures defined in the model.
signature_inputs(const char *method_name) const
const std::map< std::string, uint32_t > &
WARNING: Experimental interface, subject to change Returns the mapping of inputs to tensor index in the signature specified through 'method_name'.
signature_outputs(const char *method_name) const
const std::map< std::string, uint32_t > &
WARNING: Experimental interface, subject to change Returns the mapping of outputs to tensor index in the signature specified through 'method_name'.
tensor(int tensor_index)
TfLiteTensor *
Get a mutable tensor data structure.
tensor(int tensor_index) const
const TfLiteTensor *
Get an immutable tensor data structure.
tensors_size() const
size_t
Return the number of tensors in the model.
typed_input_tensor(int index)
T *
Return a mutable pointer into the data of a given input tensor.
typed_input_tensor(int index) const
const T *
Return an immutable pointer into the data of a given input tensor.
typed_output_tensor(int index)
T *
Return a mutable pointer into the data of a given output tensor.
typed_output_tensor(int index) const
const T *
Return an immutable pointer into the data of a given output tensor.
typed_tensor(int tensor_index)
T *
Perform a checked cast to the appropriate tensor type (mutable pointer version).
typed_tensor(int tensor_index) const
const T *
Perform a checked cast to the appropriate tensor type (immutable pointer version).
variables() const
const std::vector< int > &
Read only access to list of variable tensors.

Public types

TfLiteDelegatePtr

std::unique_ptr< TfLiteDelegate, void(*)(TfLiteDelegate *)> TfLiteDelegatePtr

Public static attributes

kTensorsCapacityHeadroom

constexpr int kTensorsCapacityHeadroom = 16

The capacity headroom of tensors_ vector before calling ops' prepare and invoke function.

In these functions, it's guaranteed allocating up to kTensorsCapacityHeadroom more tensors won't invalidate pointers to existing tensors.

kTensorsReservedCapacity

constexpr int kTensorsReservedCapacity = 128

Friend classes

tflite::InterpreterTest

friend class tflite::InterpreterTest

tflite::delegates::InterpreterUtils

friend class tflite::delegates::InterpreterUtils

tflite::delegates::test_utils::TestDelegation

friend class tflite::delegates::test_utils::TestDelegation

Public functions

AllocateTensors

TfLiteStatus AllocateTensors()

EnsureTensorDataIsReadable

TfLiteStatus EnsureTensorDataIsReadable(
  int tensor_index
)

Ensure the data in tensor.data is readable.

In case delegate is used, it might require to copy the data from delegate buffer to raw memory. WARNING: This is an experimental API and subject to change.

GetAllowFp16PrecisionForFp32

bool GetAllowFp16PrecisionForFp32() const 

Get the half precision flag.

WARNING: This is an experimental API and subject to change.

GetBufferHandle

TfLiteStatus GetBufferHandle(
  int tensor_index,
  TfLiteBufferHandle *buffer_handle,
  TfLiteDelegate **delegate
)

Get the delegate buffer handle, and the delegate which can process the buffer handle.

WARNING: This is an experimental API and subject to change.

GetInputName

const char * GetInputName(
  int index
) const 

Return the name of a given input.

The given index must be between 0 and inputs().size().

GetOutputName

const char * GetOutputName(
  int index
) const 

Return the name of a given output.

The given index must be between 0 and outputs().size().

GetProfiler

Profiler * GetProfiler()

Gets the profiler used for op tracing.

WARNING: This is an experimental API and subject to change.

Interpreter

 Interpreter(
  ErrorReporter *error_reporter
)

Interpreter

 Interpreter(
  const Interpreter &
)=delete

Invoke

TfLiteStatus Invoke()

Invoke the interpreter (run the whole graph in dependency order).

NOTE: It is possible that the interpreter is not in a ready state to evaluate (i.e. if a ResizeTensor() has been performed without an AllocateTensors(). Returns status of success or failure.

ModifyGraphWithDelegate

TfLiteStatus ModifyGraphWithDelegate(
  TfLiteDelegate *delegate
)

Allow a delegate to look at the graph and modify the graph to handle parts of the graph themselves.

After this is called, the graph may contain new nodes that replace 1 more nodes. 'delegate' must outlive the interpreter. Returns one of the following four status codes:

  1. kTfLiteOk: Success.
  2. kTfLiteDelegateError: Delegation failed due to an error in the delegate, or the delegate parameter was null. The Interpreter has been restored to its pre-delegation state. NOTE: This undoes all delegates previously applied to the Interpreter.
  3. kTfLiteApplicationError : Delegation failed to be applied due to the incompatibility with the TfLite runtime, e.g., the model graph is already immutable when applying the delegate. However, the interpreter could still be invoked.
  4. kTfLiteError: Unexpected/runtime failure. WARNING: This is an experimental API and subject to change.

ModifyGraphWithDelegate

TfLiteStatus ModifyGraphWithDelegate(
  std::unique_ptr< Delegate, Deleter > delegate
)

Same as ModifyGraphWithDelegate except this interpreter takes ownership of the provided delegate.

WARNING: This is an experimental API and subject to change.

ModifyGraphWithDelegate

TfLiteStatus ModifyGraphWithDelegate(
  std::unique_ptr< TfLiteDelegate > delegate
)=delete

This overload is never OK.

TfLiteDelegate is a C structure, so it has no virtual destructor. The default deleter of the unique_ptr does not know how to delete C++ objects deriving from TfLiteDelegate.

OpProfilingString

const char * OpProfilingString(
  const TfLiteRegistration & op_reg,
  const TfLiteNode *node
) const 

Retrieve an operator's description of its work, for profiling purposes.

ReleaseNonPersistentMemory

TfLiteStatus ReleaseNonPersistentMemory()

WARNING: Experimental interface, subject to change.

ResetVariableTensors

TfLiteStatus ResetVariableTensors()

Reset all variable tensors to the default value.

If a variable tensor doesn't have a buffer, reset it to zero. TODO(b/115961645): Implement - If a variable tensor has a buffer, reset it to the value of the buffer. WARNING: This is an experimental API and subject to change.

ResizeInputTensor

TfLiteStatus ResizeInputTensor(
  int tensor_index,
  const std::vector< int > & dims
)

Change the dimensionality of a given tensor.

Note, this is only acceptable for tensor indices that are inputs or variables. Returns status of failure or success. Note that this doesn't actually resize any existing buffers. A call to AllocateTensors() is required to change the tensor input buffer.

ResizeInputTensorStrict

TfLiteStatus ResizeInputTensorStrict(
  int tensor_index,
  const std::vector< int > & dims
)

A call to AllocateTensors() is required to change the tensor input buffer.

SetAllowBufferHandleOutput

void SetAllowBufferHandleOutput(
  bool allow_buffer_handle_output
)

Set if buffer handle output is allowed.

When using hardware delegation, Interpreter will make the data of output tensors available in tensor->data by default. If the application can consume the buffer handle directly (e.g. reading output from OpenGL texture), it can set this flag to false, so Interpreter won't copy the data from buffer handle to CPU memory. WARNING: This is an experimental API and subject to change.

SetAllowFp16PrecisionForFp32

void SetAllowFp16PrecisionForFp32(
  bool allow
)

Allow float16 precision for FP32 calculation when possible.

Default: not allow.

WARNING: This API is deprecated: prefer controlling this via delegate options, e.g. `tflite::StatefulNnApiDelegate::Options::allow_fp16' or TfLiteGpuDelegateOptionsV2::is_precision_loss_allowed. This method will be removed in a future release.

SetBufferHandle

TfLiteStatus SetBufferHandle(
  int tensor_index,
  TfLiteBufferHandle buffer_handle,
  TfLiteDelegate *delegate
)

Set the delegate buffer handle to a tensor.

It can be called in the following cases:

  1. Set the buffer handle to a tensor that's not being written by a delegate. For example, feeding an OpenGL texture as the input of the inference graph.
  2. Set the buffer handle to a tensor that uses the same delegate. For example, set an OpenGL texture as the output of inference, while the node which produces output is an OpenGL delegate node. WARNING: This is an experimental API and subject to change.

SetCancellationFunction

void SetCancellationFunction(
  void *data,
  bool(*)(void *) check_cancelled_func
)

Sets the cancellation function pointer in order to cancel a request in the middle of a call to Invoke().

The interpreter queries this function during inference, between op invocations; when it returns true, the interpreter will abort execution and return kTfLiteError. The data parameter contains any data used by the cancellation function, and if non-null, remains owned by the caller. WARNING: This is an experimental API and subject to change.

SetCustomAllocationForTensor

TfLiteStatus SetCustomAllocationForTensor(
  int tensor_index,
  const TfLiteCustomAllocation & allocation,
  int64_t flags
)

SetExternalContext

void SetExternalContext(
  TfLiteExternalContextType type,
  TfLiteExternalContext *ctx
)

SetNumThreads

TfLiteStatus SetNumThreads(
  int num_threads
)

Set the number of threads available to the interpreter.

NOTE: num_threads should be >= -1. Setting num_threads to 0 has the effect to disable multithreading, which is equivalent to setting num_threads to 1. If set to the value -1, the number of threads used will be implementation-defined and platform-dependent.

SetProfiler

void SetProfiler(
  Profiler *profiler
)

Sets the profiler to tracing execution.

The caller retains ownership of the profiler and must ensure its validity. WARNING: This is an experimental API and subject to change.

SetProfiler

void SetProfiler(
  std::unique_ptr< Profiler > profiler
)

Same as SetProfiler except this interpreter takes ownership of the provided profiler.

WARNING: This is an experimental API and subject to change.

execution_plan

const std::vector< int > & execution_plan() const 

WARNING: Experimental interface, subject to change.

input_tensor

TfLiteTensor * input_tensor(
  size_t index
)

Return a mutable pointer to the given input tensor.

The given index must be between 0 and inputs().size().

input_tensor

const TfLiteTensor * input_tensor(
  size_t index
) const 

Return an immutable pointer to the given input tensor.

The given index must be between 0 and inputs().size().

input_tensor_by_signature_name

TfLiteTensor * input_tensor_by_signature_name(
  const char *signature_input_name,
  const char *signature_method_name
)

WARNING: Experimental interface, subject to change Returns the input tensor identified by 'signature_input_name' in the signature identified by 'signature_method_name'.

Returns nullptr if not found.

inputs

const std::vector< int > & inputs() const 

Read only access to list of inputs.

node_and_registration

const std::pair< TfLiteNode, TfLiteRegistration > * node_and_registration(
  int node_index
) const 

Get a pointer to an operation and registration data structure if in bounds.

nodes_size

size_t nodes_size() const 

Return the number of ops in the model.

operator=

Interpreter & operator=(
  const Interpreter &
)=delete

output_tensor

TfLiteTensor * output_tensor(
  size_t index
)

Return a mutable pointer to the given output tensor.

The given index must be between 0 and outputs().size().

output_tensor

const TfLiteTensor * output_tensor(
  size_t index
) const 

Return an immutable pointer to the given output tensor.

The given index must be between 0 and outputs().size().

output_tensor_by_signature_name

const TfLiteTensor * output_tensor_by_signature_name(
  const char *signature_output_name,
  const char *signature_method_name
) const 

WARNING: Experimental interface, subject to change Returns the output tensor identified by 'signature_output_name' in the signature identified by 'signature_method_name'.

Returns nullptr if not found.

outputs

const std::vector< int > & outputs() const 

Read only access to list of outputs.

signature_def_names

std::vector< const std::string * > signature_def_names() const 

WARNING: Experimental interface, subject to change Returns list of all names of different method signatures defined in the model.

Note, pointers returned have lifetime same as the Interpreter object.

signature_inputs

const std::map< std::string, uint32_t > & signature_inputs(
  const char *method_name
) const 

WARNING: Experimental interface, subject to change Returns the mapping of inputs to tensor index in the signature specified through 'method_name'.

If invalid name passed, an empty list will be returned.

signature_outputs

const std::map< std::string, uint32_t > & signature_outputs(
  const char *method_name
) const 

WARNING: Experimental interface, subject to change Returns the mapping of outputs to tensor index in the signature specified through 'method_name'.

If invalid name passed, an empty list will be returned.

tensor

TfLiteTensor * tensor(
  int tensor_index
)

Get a mutable tensor data structure.

tensor

const TfLiteTensor * tensor(
  int tensor_index
) const 

Get an immutable tensor data structure.

tensors_size

size_t tensors_size() const 

Return the number of tensors in the model.

typed_input_tensor

T * typed_input_tensor(
  int index
)

Return a mutable pointer into the data of a given input tensor.

The given index must be between 0 and inputs().size().

typed_input_tensor

const T * typed_input_tensor(
  int index
) const 

Return an immutable pointer into the data of a given input tensor.

The given index must be between 0 and inputs().size().

typed_output_tensor

T * typed_output_tensor(
  int index
)

Return a mutable pointer into the data of a given output tensor.

The given index must be between 0 and outputs().size().

typed_output_tensor

const T * typed_output_tensor(
  int index
) const 

Return an immutable pointer into the data of a given output tensor.

The given index must be between 0 and outputs().size().

typed_tensor

T * typed_tensor(
  int tensor_index
)

Perform a checked cast to the appropriate tensor type (mutable pointer version).

typed_tensor

const T * typed_tensor(
  int tensor_index
) const 

Perform a checked cast to the appropriate tensor type (immutable pointer version).

variables

const std::vector< int > & variables() const 

Read only access to list of variable tensors.

~Interpreter

 ~Interpreter()