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TensorFlow Lite Task Library

TensorFlow Lite Task Library contains a set of powerful and easy-to-use task-specific libraries for app developers to create ML experiences with TFLite. It provides optimized out-of-box model interfaces for popular machine learning tasks, such as image classification, question and answer, etc. The model interfaces are specifically designed for each task to achieve the best performance and usability. Task Library works cross-platform and is supported on Java, C++, and Swift.

What to expect from the Task Library

  • Clean and well-defined APIs usable by non-ML-experts
    Inference can be done within just 5 lines of code. Use the powerful and easy-to-use APIs in the Task library as building blocks to help you easily develop ML with TFLite on mobile devices.

  • Complex but common data processing
    Supports common vision and natural language processing logic to convert between your data and the data format required by the model. Provides the same, shareable processing logic for training and inference.

  • High performance gain
    Data processing would take no more than a few milliseconds, ensuring the fast inference experience using TensorFlow Lite.

  • Extensibility and customization
    You can leverage all benefits the Task Library infrastructure provides and easily build your own Android/iOS inference APIs.

Supported tasks

Below is the list of the supported task types. The list is expected to grow as we continue enabling more and more use cases.

Run Task Library with Delegates

Delegates enable hardware acceleration of TensorFlow Lite models by leveraging on-device accelerators such as the GPU and Coral Edge TPU. Utilizing them for neural network operations provides huge benefits in terms of latency and power efficiency. For example, GPUs can provide upto a 5x speedup in latency on mobile devices, and Coral Edge TPUs inference 10x faster than desktop CPUs.

Task Library provides easy configuration and fall back options for you to set up and use delegates. The following accelerators are now supported in the Task API:

Core ML delegate for iOS, and acceleration supports in Task Java / Swift / Web API are coming soon.

Example usage of GPU on Android in Java

Step 1. Add the GPU delegate plugin library to your module's build.gradle file:

dependencies {
    // Import Task Library dependency for vision, text, or audio.

    // Import the GPU delegate plugin Library for GPU inference
    implementation 'org.tensorflow:tensorflow-lite-gpu-delegate-plugin:0.3.0'

Step 2. Configure GPU delegate in the task options through BaseOptions. For example, you can set up GPU in ObjectDetecor as follows:

// Turn on GPU delegation.
BaseOptions baseOptions = BaseOptions.builder().useGpu().build();
// Configure other options in ObjectDetector
ObjectDetectorOptions options =

// Create ObjectDetector from options.
ObjectDetector objectDetector =
    ObjectDetector.createFromFileAndOptions(context, modelFile, options);

// Run inference
List<Detection> results = objectDetector.detect(image);

Example usage of GPU on Android in C++

Step 1. Depend on the GPU delegate plugin in your bazel build target, such as:

deps = [
  "//tensorflow_lite_support/acceleration/configuration:gpu_plugin", # for GPU

Other delegate options include:

"//tensorflow_lite_support/acceleration/configuration:nnapi_plugin", # for NNAPI
"//tensorflow_lite_support/acceleration/configuration:hexagon_plugin", # for Hexagon

Step 2. Configure GPU delegate in the task options. For example, you can set up GPU in BertQuestionAnswerer as follows:

// Initialization
BertQuestionAnswererOptions options;
// Load the TFLite model.
auto base_options = options.mutable_base_options();
// Turn on GPU delegation.
auto tflite_settings = base_options->mutable_compute_settings()->mutable_tflite_settings();
// (optional) Turn on automatical fallback to TFLite CPU path on delegation errors.

// Create QuestionAnswerer from options.
std::unique_ptr<QuestionAnswerer> answerer = BertQuestionAnswerer::CreateFromOptions(options).value();

// Run inference on GPU.
std::vector<QaAnswer> results = answerer->Answer(context_of_question, question_to_ask);

Explore more advanced accelerator settings here.

Example usage of Coral Edge TPU in C++

Step 1. Depend on the Coral Edge TPU delegate plugin in your bazel build target, such as:

deps = [
  "//tensorflow_lite_support/acceleration/configuration:edgetpu_coral_plugin", # for Coral Edge TPU

Step 2. Configure Coral Edge TPU in the task options. For example, you can set up Coral Edge TPU in ImageClassifier as follows:

// Initialization
ImageClassifierOptions options;
// Load the TFLite model.
// Turn on Coral Edge TPU delegation.
// Create ImageClassifier from options.
std::unique_ptr<ImageClassifier> image_classifier = ImageClassifier::CreateFromOptions(options).value();

// Run inference on Coral Edge TPU.
const ClassificationResult result = image_classifier->Classify(*frame_buffer).value();

Step 3. Install the libusb-1.0-0-dev package as below. If it is already installed, skip to the next step.

# On the Linux
sudo apt-get install libusb-1.0-0-dev

# On the macOS
port install libusb
# or
brew install libusb

Step 4. Compile with the following configurations in your bazel command:

# On the Linux
--define darwinn_portable=1 --linkopt=-lusb-1.0

# On the macOS, add '--linkopt=-lusb-1.0 --linkopt=-L/opt/local/lib/' if you are
# using MacPorts or '--linkopt=-lusb-1.0 --linkopt=-L/opt/homebrew/lib' if you
# are using Homebrew.
--define darwinn_portable=1 --linkopt=-L/opt/local/lib/ --linkopt=-lusb-1.0

# Windows is not supported yet.

Try out the Task Library CLI demo tool with your Coral Edge TPU devices. Explore more on the pretrained Edge TPU models and advanced Edge TPU settings.