TensorFlow 1 version View source on GitHub

Generates parsing spec for tf.parse_example to be used with regressors.

If users keep data in tf.Example format, they need to call tf.parse_example with a proper feature spec. There are two main things that this utility helps:

  • Users need to combine parsing spec of features with labels and weights (if any) since they are all parsed from same tf.Example instance. This utility combines these specs.
  • It is difficult to map expected label by a regressor such as DNNRegressor to corresponding tf.parse_example spec. This utility encodes it by getting related information from users (key, dtype).

Example output of parsing spec:

# Define features and transformations
feature_b = tf.feature_column.numeric_column(...)
feature_c_bucketized = tf.feature_column.bucketized_column(
  tf.feature_column.numeric_column("feature_c"), ...)
feature_a_x_feature_c = tf.feature_column.crossed_column(
    columns=["feature_a", feature_c_bucketized], ...)

feature_columns = [feature_b, feature_c_bucketized, feature_a_x_feature_c]
parsing_spec = tf.estimator.regressor_parse_example_spec(
    feature_columns, label_key='my-label')

# For the above example, regressor_parse_example_spec would return the dict:
assert parsing_spec == {
  "feature_a": parsing_ops.VarLenFeature(tf.string),
  "feature_b": parsing_ops.FixedLenFeature([1], dtype=tf.float32),
  "feature_c": parsing_ops.FixedLenFeature([1], dtype=tf.float32)
  "my-label" : parsing_ops.FixedLenFeature([1], dtype=tf.float32)

Example usage with a regressor:

feature_columns = # define features via tf.feature_column
estimator = DNNRegressor(
    hidden_units=[256, 64, 16],
# This label configuration tells the regressor the following:
# * weights are retrieved with key 'example-weight'
# * label is a 3 dimension tensor with float32 dtype.

# Input builders
def input_fn_train():  # Returns a tuple of features and labels.
  features = tf.contrib.learn.read_keyed_batch_features(
      # creates parsing configuration for tf.parse_example
   labels = features.pop('my-label')
   return features, labels


feature_columns An iterable containing all feature columns. All items should be instances of classes derived from _FeatureColumn.
label_key A string identifying the label. It means tf.Example stores labels with this key.
label_dtype A tf.dtype identifies the type of labels. By default it is tf.float32.
label_default used as label if label_key does not exist in given tf.Example. By default default_value is none, which means tf.parse_example will error out if there is any missing label.
label_dimension Number of regression targets per example. This is the size of the last dimension of the labels and logits Tensor objects (typically, these have shape [batch_size, label_dimension]).
weight_column A string or a NumericColumn created by tf.feature_column.numeric_column defining feature column representing weights. It is used to down weight or boost examples during training. It will be multiplied by the loss of the example. If it is a string, it is used as a key to fetch weight tensor from the features. If it is a NumericColumn, raw tensor is fetched by key weight_column.key, then weight_column.normalizer_fn is applied on it to get weight tensor.

A dict mapping each feature key to a FixedLenFeature or VarLenFeature value.

ValueError If label is used in feature_columns.
ValueError If weight_column is used in feature_columns.
ValueError If any of the given feature_columns is not a _FeatureColumn instance.
ValueError If weight_column is not a NumericColumn instance.
ValueError if label_key is None.