tfp.substrates.numpy.bijectors.Composition

Base class for Composition bijectors (Chain, JointMap).

Inherits From: AutoCompositeTensorBijector

A Composition represents a partially ordered set of invertible transformations. These transformations may happen in series (Chain), in parallel (JointMap), or they could be an arbitrary DAG. Composition handles the common machinery of such transformations, delegating graph-traversal to _walk_forward and _walk_inverse (which must be overridden by subclasses).

The _walk_{direction} methods take a step_fn, a single (structured) argument (representing zipped *args), and arbitrary **kwargs. They are responsible for invoking step_fn(bij, bij_inputs, **bij_kwds) for each nested bijector. See Chain and JointMap for examples.

These methods are typically invoked using _call_walk_{direction}, which wraps step_fn and converts structured *args into a single structure of tuples, allowing users to provide a step_fn with multiple positional arguments (e.g., foward_log_det_jacobian).

In practice, Bijector methods are defined in the base-class, and users should not need to invoke walk methods directly.

bijectors A nest-compatible structure of bijector instances.
name Name of this bijector.
parameters Dictionary of parameters used to initialize this bijector. These must be the exact values passed to __init__.
forward_min_event_ndims A (structure of) integers or None values. If all values are integers, then these specify the mininimum rank of each event part; their structure must match that of inputs to forward. If the minimum ranks are not known, inference may be triggered by passing a structure of None values instead. This structure must be such that calling self._walk_forward(step_fn, forward_min_event_ndims) passes exactly one None value to each toplevel invocation of step_fn---that is, it should correspond to the structure of bijectors that act directly on a user-passed input (excluding bijectors that act on downstream quantities), which may in general be shallower than the structure of inputs to forward. For example, the first step of a Chain applies a single bijector, so Chain would pass a single None (even though the initial bijector might itself accept a multipart input). On the other hand, the bijectors in a JointMap are all applied directly to user-passed input, so the appropriate structure would be that of self.bijectors (even if some of those bijectors might themselves accept multipart inputs).
inverse_min_event_ndims A (structure of) integers and/or None values, with semantics analogous to forward_min_event_ndims.
validate_event_size Checks that bijectors are not applied to inputs with incomplete support. For example, the following LDJ would be incorrect: Chain([Scale(), SoftmaxCentered()]).forward_log_det_jacobian([1], [1]) The jacobian contribution from Scale applies to a 2-dimensional input, but the output from SoftMaxCentered is a 1-dimensional input embedded in a 2-dimensional space. Setting validate_event_size=True (default) prints warnings in these cases. When validate_args is also True, the warning is promoted to an exception.
**kwargs Additional parameters forwarded to the bijector base-class.

bijectors

dtype

forward_min_event_ndims Returns the minimal number of dimensions bijector.forward operates on.

Multipart bijectors return structured ndims, which indicates the expected structure of their inputs. Some multipart bijectors, notably Composites, may return structures of None.

graph_parents Returns this Bijector's graph_parents as a Python list.
has_static_min_event_ndims Returns True if the bijector has statically-known min_event_ndims.
inverse_min_event_ndims Returns the minimal number of dimensions bijector.inverse operates on.

Multipart bijectors return structured event_ndims, which indicates the expected structure of their outputs. Some multipart bijectors, notably Composites, may return structures of None.

is_constant_jacobian Returns true iff the Jacobian matrix is not a function of x.

name Returns the string name of this Bijector.
parameters Dictionary of parameters used to instantiate this Bijector.
trainable_variables

validate_args Returns True if Tensor arguments will be validated.
validate_event_size

variables

Methods

forward

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Returns the forward Bijector evaluation, i.e., X = g(Y).

Args
x Tensor (structure). The input to the 'forward' evaluation.
name The name to give this op.
**kwargs Named arguments forwarded to subclass implementation.

Returns
Tensor (structure).

Raises
TypeError if self.dtype is specified and x.dtype is not self.dtype.
NotImplementedError if _forward is not implemented.

forward_dtype

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Returns the dtype returned by forward for the provided input.

forward_event_ndims

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Returns the number of event dimensions produced by forward.

forward_event_shape

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Shape of a single sample from a single batch as a TensorShape.

Same meaning as forward_event_shape_tensor. May be only partially defined.

Args
input_shape TensorShape (structure) indicating event-portion shape passed into forward function.

Returns
forward_event_shape_tensor TensorShape (structure) indicating event-portion shape after applying forward. Possibly unknown.

forward_event_shape_tensor

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Shape of a single sample from a single batch as an int32 1D Tensor.

Args
input_shape Tensor, int32 vector (structure) indicating event-portion shape passed into forward function.
name name to give to the op

Returns
forward_event_shape_tensor Tensor, int32 vector (structure) indicating event-portion shape after applying forward.

forward_log_det_jacobian

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Returns both the forward_log_det_jacobian.

Args
x Tensor (structure). The input to the 'forward' Jacobian determinant evaluation.
event_ndims Optional number of dimensions in the probabilistic events being transformed; this must be greater than or equal to self.forward_min_event_ndims. If event_ndims is specified, the log Jacobian determinant is summed to produce a scalar log-determinant for each event. Otherwise (if event_ndims is None), no reduction is performed. Multipart bijectors require structured event_ndims, such that the batch rank rank(y[i]) - event_ndims[i] is the same for all elements i of the structured input. In most cases (with the exception of tfb.JointMap) they further require that event_ndims[i] - self.inverse_min_event_ndims[i] is the same for all elements i of the structured input. Default value: None (equivalent to self.forward_min_event_ndims).
name The name to give this op.
**kwargs Named arguments forwarded to subclass implementation.

Returns
Tensor (structure), if this bijector is injective. If not injective this is not implemented.

Raises
TypeError if y's dtype is incompatible with the expected output dtype.
NotImplementedError if neither _forward_log_det_jacobian nor {_inverse, _inverse_log_det_jacobian} are implemented, or this is a non-injective bijector.
ValueError if the value of event_ndims is not valid for this bijector.

inverse

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Returns the inverse Bijector evaluation, i.e., X = g^{-1}(Y).

Args
y Tensor (structure). The input to the 'inverse' evaluation.
name The name to give this op.
**kwargs Named arguments forwarded to subclass implementation.

Returns
Tensor (structure), if this bijector is injective. If not injective, returns the k-tuple containing the unique k points (x1, ..., xk) such that g(xi) = y.

Raises
TypeError if y's structured dtype is incompatible with the expected output dtype.
NotImplementedError if _inverse is not implemented.

inverse_dtype

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Returns the dtype returned by inverse for the provided input.

inverse_event_ndims

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Returns the number of event dimensions produced by inverse.

inverse_event_shape

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Shape of a single sample from a single batch as a TensorShape.

Same meaning as inverse_event_shape_tensor. May be only partially defined.

Args
output_shape TensorShape (structure) indicating event-portion shape passed into inverse function.

Returns
inverse_event_shape_tensor TensorShape (structure) indicating event-portion shape after applying inverse. Possibly unknown.

inverse_event_shape_tensor

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Shape of a single sample from a single batch as an int32 1D Tensor.

Args
output_shape Tensor, int32 vector (structure) indicating event-portion shape passed into inverse function.
name name to give to the op

Returns
inverse_event_shape_tensor Tensor, int32 vector (structure) indicating event-portion shape after applying inverse.

inverse_log_det_jacobian

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Returns the (log o det o Jacobian o inverse)(y).

Mathematically, returns: log(det(dX/dY))(Y). (Recall that: X=g^{-1}(Y).)

Note that forward_log_det_jacobian is the negative of this function, evaluated at g^{-1}(y).

Args
y Tensor (structure). The input to the 'inverse' Jacobian determinant evaluation.
event_ndims Optional number of dimensions in the probabilistic events being transformed; this must be greater than or equal to self.inverse_min_event_ndims. If event_ndims is specified, the log Jacobian determinant is summed to produce a scalar log-determinant for each event. Otherwise (if event_ndims is None), no reduction is performed. Multipart bijectors require structured event_ndims, such that the batch rank rank(y[i]) - event_ndims[i] is the same for all elements i of the structured input. In most cases (with the exception of tfb.JointMap) they further require that event_ndims[i] - self.inverse_min_event_ndims[i] is the same for all elements i of the structured input. Default value: None (equivalent to self.inverse_min_event_ndims).
name The name to give this op.
**kwargs Named arguments forwarded to subclass implementation.

Returns
ildj Tensor, if this bijector is injective. If not injective, returns the tuple of local log det Jacobians, log(det(Dg_i^{-1}(y))), where g_i is the restriction of g to the ith partition Di.

Raises
TypeError if x's dtype is incompatible with the expected inverse-dtype.
NotImplementedError if _inverse_log_det_jacobian is not implemented.
ValueError if the value of event_ndims is not valid for this bijector.

parameter_properties

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Returns a dict mapping constructor arg names to property annotations.

This dict should include an entry for each of the bijector's Tensor-valued constructor arguments.

Args
dtype Optional float dtype to assume for continuous-valued parameters. Some constraining bijectors require advance knowledge of the dtype because certain constants (e.g., tfb.Softplus.low) must be instantiated with the same dtype as the values to be transformed.

Returns
parameter_properties A str ->tfp.python.internal.parameter_properties.ParameterPropertiesdict mapping constructor argument names toParameterProperties` instances.

__call__

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Applies or composes the Bijector, depending on input type.

This is a convenience function which applies the Bijector instance in three different ways, depending on the input:

  1. If the input is a tfd.Distribution instance, return tfd.TransformedDistribution(distribution=input, bijector=self).
  2. If the input is a tfb.Bijector instance, return tfb.Chain([self, input]).
  3. Otherwise, return self.forward(input)

Args
value A tfd.Distribution, tfb.Bijector, or a (structure of) Tensor.
name Python str name given to ops created by this function.
**kwargs Additional keyword arguments passed into the created tfd.TransformedDistribution, tfb.Bijector, or self.forward.

Returns
composition A tfd.TransformedDistribution if the input was a tfd.Distribution, a tfb.Chain if the input was a tfb.Bijector, or a (structure of) Tensor computed by self.forward.

Examples

sigmoid = tfb.Reciprocal()(
    tfb.Shift(shift=1.)(
      tfb.Exp()(
        tfb.Scale(scale=-1.))))
# ==> `tfb.Chain([
#         tfb.Reciprocal(),
#         tfb.Shift(shift=1.),
#         tfb.Exp(),
#         tfb.Scale(scale=-1.),
#      ])`  # ie, `tfb.Sigmoid()`

log_normal = tfb.Exp()(tfd.Normal(0, 1))
# ==> `tfd.TransformedDistribution(tfd.Normal(0, 1), tfb.Exp())`

tfb.Exp()([-1., 0., 1.])
# ==> tf.exp([-1., 0., 1.])

__eq__

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Return self==value.