tf.compat.v1.tpu.CrossShardOptimizer

View source on GitHub

An optimizer that averages gradients across TPU shards.

Inherits From: Optimizer

opt An existing Optimizer to encapsulate.
reduction The reduction to apply to the shard losses.
name Optional name prefix for the operations created when applying gradients. Defaults to "CrossShardOptimizer".
group_assignment Optional 2d int32 lists with shape [num_groups, num_replicas_per_group] which describles how to apply optimizer to subgroups.

ValueError If reduction is not a valid cross-shard reduction.

Methods

apply_gradients

View source

Apply gradients to variables.

Calls tpu_ops.cross_replica_sum() to sum gradient contributions across replicas, and then applies the real optimizer.

Args
grads_and_vars List of (gradient, variable) pairs as returned by compute_gradients().
global_step Optional Variable to increment by one after the variables have been updated.
name Optional name for the returned operation. Default to the name passed to the Optimizer constructor.

Returns
An Operation that applies the gradients. If global_step was not None, that operation also increments global_step.

Raises
ValueError If the grads_and_vars is malformed.

compute_gradients

View source

Compute gradients of "loss" for the variables in "var_list".

This simply wraps compute_gradients() from the real optimizer. The gradients will be aggregated in apply_gradients() so that user can modify the gradients like clipping with per replica global norm if needed. The global norm with aggregated gradients can be bad as one replica's huge gradients can hurt the gradients from other replicas.

When the CrossShardOptimizer is constructed with reduction == losses.Reduction.MEAN (default), this function scales the loss by 1.0 / num_shards before computing the gradients. Assuming the optimizer uses the default implementation of compute_gradients(), the gradients of the scaled loss are scaled by 1.0 / num_shards compared to the gradients of the original loss. This scaling factor is important because apply_gradients() sums gradients across shards, rather than averaging them. However, the scaling factor must be taken into account when clipping the norm of the gradients or performing other postprocessing.

Args
loss A Tensor containing the value to minimize.
var_list Optional list or tuple of tf.Variable to update to minimize loss. Defaults to the list of variables collected in the graph under the key GraphKey.TRAINABLE_VARIABLES.
**kwargs Keyword arguments for compute_gradients().

Returns
A list of (gradient, variable) pairs.

Raises
ValueError If not within a tpu_shard_context or group_assignment is invalid.

get_name

View source

get_slot

View source

Return a slot named "name" created for "var" by the Optimizer.

This simply wraps the get_slot() from the actual optimizer.

Args
*args Arguments for get_slot().
**kwargs Keyword arguments for get_slot().

Returns
The Variable for the slot if it was created, None otherwise.

get_slot_names

View source

Return a list of the names of slots created by the Optimizer.

This simply wraps the get_slot_names() from the actual optimizer.

Args
*args Arguments for get_slot().
**kwargs Keyword arguments for get_slot().

Returns
A list of strings.

minimize

View source

Add operations to minimize loss by updating var_list.

This method simply combines calls compute_gradients() and apply_gradients(). If you want to process the gradient before applying them call compute_gradients() and apply_gradients() explicitly instead of using this function.

Args
loss A Tensor containing the value to minimize.
global_step Optional Variable to increment by one after the variables have been updated.
var_list Optional list or tuple of Variable objects to update to minimize loss. Defaults to the list of variables collected in the graph under the key GraphKeys.TRAINABLE_VARIABLES.
gate_gradients How to gate the computation of gradients. Can be GATE_NONE, GATE_OP, or GATE_GRAPH.
aggregation_method Specifies the method used to combine gradient terms. Valid values are def