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tf.compat.v1.tpu.CrossShardOptimizer

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An optimizer that averages gradients across TPU shards.

Inherits From: Optimizer

opt An existing Optimizer to encapsulate.
reduction The reduction to apply to the shard losses.
name Optional name prefix for the operations created when applying gradients. Defaults to "CrossShardOptimizer".
group_assignment Optional 2d int32 lists with shape [num_groups, num_replicas_per_group] which describles how to apply optimizer to subgroups.

ValueError If reduction is not a valid cross-shard reduction.

Methods

apply_gradients

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Apply gradients to variables.

Calls tpu_ops.cross_replica_sum() to sum gradient contributions across replicas, and then applies the real optimizer.

Args
grads_and_vars List of (gradient, variable) pairs as returned by compute_gradients().
global_step Optional Variable to increment by one after the variables have been updated.
name Optional name for the returned operation. Default to the name passed to the Optimizer constructor.

Returns
An Operation that applies the gradients. If global_step was not None, that operation also increments global_step.

Raises
ValueError If the grads_and_vars is malformed.

compute_gradients

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Compute gradients of "loss" for the variables in "var_list".

This simply wraps the compute_gradients() from the real optimizer. The gradients will be aggregated in the apply_gradients() so that user can modify the gradients like clipping with per replica global norm if needed. The global norm with aggregated gradients can be bad as one replica's huge gradients can hurt the gradients from other replicas.

Args
loss A Tensor containing the value to minimize.
var_list Optional list or tuple of tf.Variable to update to minimize loss. Defaults to the list of variables collected in the graph under the key GraphKey.TRAINABLE_VARIABLES.
**kwargs Keyword arguments for compute_gradients().

Returns
A list of (gradient, variable) pairs.

Raises
ValueError If not within a tpu_shard_context or group_assignment is invalid.

get_name

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get_slot

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Return a slot named "name" created for "var" by the Optimizer.

This simply wraps the get_slot() from the actual optimizer.

Args
*args Arguments for get_slot().
**kwargs Keyword arguments for get_slot().

Returns
The Variable for the slot if it was created, None otherwise.

get_slot_names

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Return a list of the names of slots created by the Optimizer.

This simply wraps the get_slot_names() from the actual optimizer.

Args
*args Arguments for get_slot().
**kwargs Keyword arguments for get_slot().

Returns
A list of strings.

minimize

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Add operations to minimize loss by updating var_list.

This method simply combines calls compute_gradients() and apply_gradients(). If you want to process the gradient before applying them call compute_gradients() and apply_gradients() explicitly instead of using this function.

Args
loss A Tensor containing the value to minimize.
global_step Optional Variable to increment by one after the variables have been updated.
var_list Optional list or tuple of Variable objects to update to minimize loss. Defaults to the list of variables collected in the graph under the key GraphKeys.TRAINABLE_VARIABLES.
gate_gradients How to gate the computation of gradients. Can be GATE_NONE, GATE_OP, or GATE_GRAPH.
aggregation_method Specifies the method used to combine gradient terms. Valid values are defined in the class AggregationMethod.
colocate_gradients_with_ops If True, try colocating gradients with the corresponding op.
name Optional name for the returned operation.
grad_loss Optional. A Tensor holding the gradient computed for loss.

Returns
An Operation that updates the variables in var_list. If global_step was not None, that operation also increments global_step.

Raises
ValueError If some of the variables are not Variable objects.

Eager Compatibility

When eager execution is enabled, loss should be a Python function that takes no arguments and computes the value to be minimized. Minimization (and gradient computation) is done with respect to the elements of var_list if not None, else with respect to any trainable variables created during the execution of the loss function. gate_gradients, aggregation_method, colocate_gradients_with_ops and grad_loss are ignored when eager execution is enabled.

variables

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Forwarding the variables from the underlying optimizer.

Class Variables

  • GATE_GRAPH = 2
  • GATE_NONE = 0
  • GATE_OP = 1