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tf.keras.metrics.MeanIoU

TensorFlow 1 version View source on GitHub

Class MeanIoU

Computes the mean Intersection-Over-Union metric.

Inherits From: Metric

Aliases:

Mean Intersection-Over-Union is a common evaluation metric for semantic image segmentation, which first computes the IOU for each semantic class and then computes the average over classes. IOU is defined as follows: IOU = true_positive / (true_positive + false_positive + false_negative). The predictions are accumulated in a confusion matrix, weighted by sample_weight and the metric is then calculated from it.

If sample_weight is None, weights default to 1. Use sample_weight of 0 to mask values.

Usage:

m = tf.keras.metrics.MeanIoU(num_classes=2)
m.update_state([0, 0, 1, 1], [0, 1, 0, 1])

  # cm = [[1, 1],
          [1, 1]]
  # sum_row = [2, 2], sum_col = [2, 2], true_positives = [1, 1]
  # iou = true_positives / (sum_row + sum_col - true_positives))
  # result = (1 / (2 + 2 - 1) + 1 / (2 + 2 - 1)) / 2 = 0.33
print('Final result: ', m.result().numpy())  # Final result: 0.33

Usage with tf.keras API:

model = tf.keras.Model(inputs, outputs)
model.compile(
  'sgd',
  loss='mse',
  metrics=[tf.keras.metrics.MeanIoU(num_classes=2)])

__init__

View source

__init__(
    num_classes,
    name=None,
    dtype=None
)

Creates a MeanIoU instance.

Args:

  • num_classes: The possible number of labels the prediction task can have. This value must be provided, since a confusion matrix of dimension = [num_classes, num_classes] will be allocated.
  • name: (Optional) string name of the metric instance.
  • dtype: (Optional) data type of the metric result.

__new__

View source

__new__(
    cls,
    *args,
    **kwargs
)

Create and return a new object. See help(type) for accurate signature.

Methods

reset_states

View source

reset_states()

Resets all of the metric state variables.

This function is called between epochs/steps, when a metric is evaluated during training.

result

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result()

Compute the mean intersection-over-union via the confusion matrix.

update_state

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update_state(
    y_true,
    y_pred,
    sample_weight=None
)

Accumulates the confusion matrix statistics.

Args:

  • y_true: The ground truth values.
  • y_pred: The predicted values.
  • sample_weight: Optional weighting of each example. Defaults to 1. Can be a Tensor whose rank is either 0, or the same rank as y_true, and must be broadcastable to y_true.

Returns:

Update op.