tf.keras.layers.ConvLSTM2D

Convolutional LSTM.

It is similar to an LSTM layer, but the input transformations and recurrent transformations are both convolutional.

filters Integer, the dimensionality of the output space (i.e. the number of output filters in the convolution).
kernel_size An integer or tuple/list of n integers, specifying the dimensions of the convolution window.
strides An integer or tuple/list of n integers, specifying the strides of the convolution. Specifying any stride value != 1 is incompatible with specifying any dilation_rate value != 1.
padding One of "valid" or "same" (case-insensitive).
data_format A string, one of channels_last (default) or channels_first. The ordering of the dimensions in the inputs. channels_last corresponds to inputs with shape (batch, time, ..., channels) while channels_first corresponds to inputs with shape (batch, time, channels, ...). It defaults to the image_data_format value found in your Keras config file at ~/.keras/keras.json. If you never set it, then it will be "channels_last".
dilation_rate An integer or tuple/list of n integers, specifying the dilation rate to use for dilated convolution. Currently, specifying any dilation_rate value != 1 is incompatible with specifying any strides value != 1.
activation Activation function to use. By default hyperbolic tangent activation function is applied (tanh(x)).
recurrent_activation Activation function to use for the recurrent step.
use_bias Boolean, whether the layer uses a bias vector.
kernel_initializer Initializer for the kernel weights matrix, used for the linear transformation of the inputs.
recurrent_initializer Initializer for the recurrent_kernel weights matrix, used for the linear transformation of the recurrent state.
bias_initializer Initializer for the bias vector.
unit_forget_bias Boolean. If True, add 1 to the bias of the forget gate at initialization. Use in combination with bias_initializer="zeros". This is recommended in Jozefowicz et al., 2015
kernel_regularizer Regularizer function applied to the kernel weights matrix.
recurrent_regularizer Regularizer function applied to the recurrent_kernel weights matrix.
bias_regularizer Regularizer function applied to the bias vector.
activity_regularizer Regularizer function applied to.
kernel_constraint Constraint function applied to the kernel weights matrix.
recurrent_constraint Constraint function applied to the recurrent_kernel weights matrix.
bias_constraint Constraint function applied to the bias vector.
return_sequences Boolean. Whether to return the last output in the output sequence, or the full sequence. (default False)
return_state Boolean Whether to return the last state in addition to the output. (default False)
go_backwards Boolean (default False). If True, process the input sequence backwards.
stateful Boolean (default False). If True, the last state for each sample at index i in a batch will be used as initial state for the sample of index i in the following batch.
dropout Float between 0 and 1. Fraction of the units to drop for the linear transformation of the inputs.
recurrent_dropout Float between 0 and 1. Fraction of the units to drop for the linear transformation of the recurrent state.

Call arguments:

  • inputs: A 5D tensor.
  • mask: Binary tensor of shape (samples, timesteps) indicating whether a given timestep should be masked.
  • training: Python boolean indicating whether the layer should behave in training mode or in inference mode. This argument is passed to the cell when calling it. This is only relevant if dropout or recurrent_dropout are set.
  • initial_state: List of initial state tensors to be passed to the first call of the cell.

Input shape:

  • If data_format='channels_first' 5D tensor with shape: (samples, time, channels, rows, cols)
  • If data_format='channels_last' 5D tensor with shape: (samples, time, rows, cols, channels)

Output shape:

  • If return_state: a list of tensors. The first tensor is the output. The remaining tensors are the last states, each 4D tensor with shape: (samples, filters, new_rows, new_cols) if data_format='channels_first' or 4D tensor with shape: (samples, new_rows, new_cols, filters) if data_format='channels_last'. rows and cols values might have changed due to padding.
  • If return_sequences: 5D tensor with shape: (samples, timesteps, filters, new_rows, new_cols) if data_format='channels_first' or 5D tensor with shape: (samples, timesteps, new_rows, new_cols, filters) if data_format='channels_last'.
  • Else, 4D tensor with shape: (samples, filters, new_rows, new_cols) if data_format='channels_first' or 4D tensor with shape: (samples, new_rows, new_cols, filters) if data_format='channels_last'.

ValueError in case of invalid constructor arguments.

References:

  • Shi et al., 2015 (the current implementation does not include the feedback loop on the cells output).

activation

bias_constraint

bias_initializer

bias_regularizer

data_format

dilation_rate

dropout

filters

kernel_constraint

kernel_initializer

kernel_regularizer

kernel_size

padding

recurrent_activation

recurrent_constraint

recurrent_dropout

recurrent_initializer

recurrent_regularizer

states

strides

unit_forget_bias

use_bias

Methods

reset_states

View source

Reset the recorded states for the stateful RNN layer.

Can only be used when RNN layer is constructed with stateful = True. Args: states: Numpy arrays that contains the value for the initial state, which will be feed to cell at the first time step. When the value is None, zero filled numpy array will be created based on the cell state size.

Raises
AttributeError When the RNN layer is not stateful.
ValueError When the batch size of the RNN layer is unknown.
ValueError When the input numpy array is not compatible with the RNN layer state, either size wise or dtype wise.