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Instantiates the VGG19 architecture.

Used in the notebooks

Used in the guide Used in the tutorials


For image classification use cases, see this page for detailed examples.

For transfer learning use cases, make sure to read the guide to transfer learning & fine-tuning.

The default input size for this model is 224x224.

include_top whether to include the 3 fully-connected layers at the top of the network.
weights one of None (random initialization), 'imagenet' (pre-training on ImageNet), or the path to the weights file to be loaded.
input_tensor optional Keras tensor (i.e. output of layers.Input()) to use as image input for the model.
input_shape optional shape tuple, only to be specified if include_top is False (otherwise the input shape has to be (224, 224, 3) (with channels_last data format) or (3, 224, 224) (with channels_first data format). It should have exactly 3 inputs channels, and width and height should be no smaller than 32. E.g. (200, 200, 3) would be one valid value.
pooling Optional pooling mode for feature extraction when include_top is False.

  • None means that the output of the model will be the 4D tensor output of the last convolutional block.
  • avg means that global average pooling will be applied to the output of the last convolutional block, and thus the output of the model will be a 2D tensor.
  • max means that global max pooling will be applied.
classes optional number of classes to classify images into, only to be specified if include_top is True, and if no weights argument is specified.
classifier_activation A str or callable. The activation function to use on the "top" layer. Ignored unless include_top=True. Set classifier_activation=None to return the logits of the "top" layer. When loading pretrained weights, classifier_activation can only be None or "softmax".

A keras.Model instance.