tf.strings.substr

Return substrings from Tensor of strings.

Used in the notebooks

Used in the guide

For each string in the input Tensor, creates a substring starting at index pos with a total length of len.

If len defines a substring that would extend beyond the length of the input string, or if len is negative, then as many characters as possible are used.

A negative pos indicates distance within the string backwards from the end.

If pos specifies an index which is out of range for any of the input strings, then an InvalidArgumentError is thrown.

pos and len must have the same shape, otherwise a ValueError is thrown on Op creation.


Examples

Using scalar pos and len:

input = [b'Hello', b'World']
position = 1
length = 3

output = [b'ell', b'orl']

Using pos and len with same shape as input:

input = [[b'ten', b'eleven', b'twelve'],
         [b'thirteen', b'fourteen', b'fifteen'],
         [b'sixteen', b'seventeen', b'eighteen']]
position = [[1, 2, 3],
            [1, 2, 3],
            [1, 2, 3]]
length =   [[2, 3, 4],
            [4, 3, 2],
            [5, 5, 5]]

output = [[b'en', b'eve', b'lve'],
          [b'hirt', b'urt', b'te'],
          [b'ixtee', b'vente', b'hteen']]

Broadcasting pos and len onto input:

input = [[b'ten', b'eleven', b'twelve'],
         [b'thirteen', b'fourteen', b'fifteen'],
         [b'sixteen', b'seventeen', b'eighteen'],
         [b'nineteen', b'twenty', b'twentyone']]
position = [1, 2, 3]
length =   [1, 2, 3]

output = [[b'e', b'ev', b'lve'],
          [b'h', b'ur', b'tee'],
          [b'i', b've', b'hte'],
          [b'i', b'en', b'nty']]

Broadcasting input onto pos and len:

input = b'thirteen'
position = [1, 5, 7]
length =   [3, 2, 1]

output = [b'hir', b'ee', b'n']

  • ValueError: If the first argument cannot be converted to a Tensor of dtype string.
  • InvalidArgumentError: If indices are out of range.
  • ValueError: If pos and len are not the same shape.

input A Tensor of type string. Tensor of strings
pos A Tensor. Must be one of the following types: int32, int64. Scalar defining the position of first character in each substring
len A Tensor. Must have the same type as pos. Scalar defining the number of characters to include in each substring