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tf.contrib.opt.MomentumWOptimizer

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Optimizer that implements the Momentum algorithm with weight_decay.

Inherits From: DecoupledWeightDecayExtension, MomentumOptimizer

This is an implementation of the SGDW optimizer described in "Fixing Weight Decay Regularization in Adam" by Loshchilov & Hutter (https://arxiv.org/abs/1711.05101) ([pdf])(https://arxiv.org/pdf/1711.05101.pdf). It computes the update step of train.MomentumOptimizer and additionally decays the variable. Note that this is different from adding L2 regularization on the variables to the loss. Decoupling the weight decay from other hyperparameters (in particular the learning rate) simplifies hyperparameter search.

For further information see the documentation of the Momentum Optimizer.

Note that this optimizer can also be instantiated as

extend_with_weight_decay(tf.compat.v1.train.MomentumOptimizer,
                         weight_decay=weight_decay)

weight_decay A Tensor or a floating point value. The weight decay.
learning_rate A Tensor or a floating point value. The learning rate.
momentum A Tensor or a floating point value. The momentum.
use_locking If True use locks for update operations.
name Optional name prefix for the operations created when applying gradients. Defaults to "Momentum".
use_nesterov If True use Nesterov Momentum. See Sutskever et al., 2013. This implementation always computes gradients at the value of the variable(s) passed to the optimizer. Using Nesterov Momentum makes the variable(s) track the values called theta_t + mu*v_t in the paper. @compatibility(eager) When eager execution is enabled, learning_rate, weight_decay and momentum can each be a callable that takes no arguments and returns the actual value to use. This can be useful for changing these values across different invocations of optimizer functions. @end_compatibility

Methods

apply_gradients

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Apply gradients to variables and decay the variables.

This function is the same as Optimizer.apply_gradients except that it allows to specify the variables that should be decayed using decay_var_list. If decay_var_list is None, all variables in var_list are decayed.

For more information see the documentation of Optimizer.apply_gradients.

Args
grads_and_vars List of (gradient, variable) pairs as returned by compute_gradients().
global_step Optional Variable to increment by one after the variables have been updated.
name Optional name for the returned operation. Default to the name passed to the Optimizer constructor.
decay_var_list Optional list of decay variables.

Returns
An Operation that applies the specified gradients. If global_step was not None, that operation also increments global_step.

compute_gradients

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Compute gradients of loss for the variables in var_list.

This is the first part of minimize(). It returns a list of (gradient, variable) pairs where "gradient" is the gradient for "variable". Note that "gradient" can be a Tensor, an IndexedSlices, or None if there is no gradient for the given variable.

Args
loss A Tensor containing the value to minimize or a callable taking no arguments which returns the value to minimize. When eager execution is enabled it must be a callable.
var_list Optional list or tuple of tf.Variable to update to minimize loss. Defaults to the list of variables collected in the graph under the key GraphKeys.TRAINABLE_VARIABLES.
gate_gradients How to gate the computation of gradients. Can be GATE_NONE, GATE_OP, or GATE_GRAPH.
aggregation_method Specifies the method used to combine gradient terms. Valid values are defined in the class AggregationMethod.
colocate_gradients_with_ops If True, try colocating gradients with the corresponding op.
grad_loss Optional. A Tensor holding the gradient computed for loss.

Returns
A list of (gradient, variable) pairs. Variable is always present, but gradient can be None.

Raises
TypeError If var_list contains anything else than Variable objects.
ValueError If some arguments are invalid.
RuntimeError If called with eager execution enabled and loss is not callable.

Eager Compatibility

When eager execution is enabled, gate_gradients, aggregation_method, and colocate_gradients_with_ops are ignored.

get_name

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get_slot

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Return a slot named name created for var by the Optimizer.

Some Optimizer subclasses use additional variables. For example Momentum and Adagrad use variables to accumulate updates. This method gives access to these Variable objects if for some reason you need them.

Use get_slot_names() to get the list of slot names created by the Optimizer.

Args
var A variable passed to minimize() or apply_gradients().
name A string.

Returns
The Variable for the slot if it was created, None otherwise.

get_slot_names

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Return a list of the names of slots created by the Optimizer.

See get_slot().

Returns
A list of strings.

minimize

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Add operations to minimize loss by updating var_list with decay.

This function is the same as Optimizer.minimize except that it allows to specify the variables that should be decayed using decay_var_list. If decay_var_list is None, all variables in var_list are decayed.

For more information see the documentation of Optimizer.minimize.

Args
loss A Tensor containing the value to minimize.
global_step Optional Variable to increment by one after the variables have been updated.
var_list Optional list or tuple of Variable objects to update to minimize loss. Defaults to the list of variables collected in the graph under the key GraphKeys.TRAINABLE_VARIABLES.
gate_gradients How to gate the computation of gradients. Can be GATE_NONE, GATE_OP, or GATE_GRAPH.
aggregation_method Specifies the method used to combine gradient terms. Valid values are defined in the class AggregationMethod.
colocate_gradients_with_ops If True, try colocating gradients with the corresponding op.
name Optional name for the returned operation.
grad_loss Optional. A Tensor holding the gradient computed for loss.
decay_var_list Optional list of decay variables.

Returns
An Operation that updates the variables in var_list. If global_step was not None, that operation also increments global_step.

variables

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A list of variables which encode the current state of Optimizer.

Includes slot variables and additional global variables created by the optimizer in the current default graph.

Returns
A list of variables.

Class Variables

  • GATE_GRAPH = 2
  • GATE_NONE = 0
  • GATE_OP = 1